Grade One | YMOH Curriculum
Targheeb's Young Momins’ Online Homeschool (YMOH) program is designed to provide thorough and appropriate instruction to all, Pre kindergarten through first and seventh grade students. Using the best of both the British National Curriculum and American Common Core Standards. YMOH curriculum is a robust standard–based curriculum designed to align with the most current international and national learning standards. It is also uniquely adopted to meet the core Islamic values.
The YMOH curriculum provides Islamic Studies, Arabic Studies and Quran, equal status and are considered compulsory. Science and Social Studies have also been introduced as cross curricular subjects to develop essential knowledge, skills and practices.
The program equips students with skills, knowledge, abilities, and understanding that are required in each level. The program also critically reviews student’s performance through a number of assessment tools including weekly homework assignments, monthly tests, projects, and assessments.
The goal of YMOH literacy program is to incorporate our inquiry–based philosophy to create independent, critical, and ardent life–long readers and writers. To achieve this, the program is based on a balanced–literacy approach in which writing, reading, speaking, and listening enables students to develop needed skills and understandings that will serve them in all academic areas.
While Grade One English Language lessons are structured in a way to teach students vocabulary, spelling, reading, listening, pronunciation and speaking, students are expected to listen, speak and write for information and understanding. As listeners and readers, they will collect data, facts and ideas; discover relationships, concepts, and generalizations.
In support of best practices, we dedicate extended periods of time for reading and writing instruction. Therefore, students will use oral and written language reinforcements that follow the accepted conventions of the English language to acquire, interpret, apply and transmit information.
Areas of study include;
Phonics: A student’s level of phonological awareness at the end of grade is one of the strongest predictors of future reading success, in later grades. The grade one reading program features a review of all the short vowels, beginning and ending consonants, thus helping students learn the proper pronunciation of words, consonant digraphs, short and long vowel sounds, soft and hard alphabet sounds, rhyming words, and unusual word sounds.
Spelling: YMOH spelling program is designed to teach spelling rules and most frequently used words –high frequency and sight words. While such strategies as visual memory, sound–letter relationships, and meanings are used in the instruction, writing and/or composition activities are a major part of each spelling lesson. Students will learn to spell appropriate words including blending words with correct usage of consonants, long and short vowels, as well as beginning and ending letters.
Vocabulary: Based on a weekly schedule with a range of practice formats, YMOH vocabulary combines phonics and reading skills to help students build their vocabulary. Its flexibility allows for adding words students need to work on and to tailor the writing assignments for individual use. Students will sharpen their vocabulary skills in order to better understand and apply what they learned in writing practice.
Language Arts: This affords students brilliant opportunities to experience the power of language by dealing with a range of texts and with the full range of contexts and purposes associated with the use of language. For instance, they will be given lessons on such area of grammar as ABC order, capitalization and punctuation, parts of speech, plurals, antonyms, synonyms, syllables, contractions, basic rules of word usage and base words. It will also allow them to learn the basic sentence and statements structures, asking and telling sentences and their structures.
Grammar and Mechanics: This will cover nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and simple sentence structures such as complete sentences, opposites, capital letters, punctuation marks (viz period, comma, exclamation mark and question mark); reading symbols with numbers; and others appropriate to their level.
Reading: The reading section of this curriculum focuses mainly on providing students with great opportunities to read various types of text through variety of reading material online, in order to improve literal and higher–level comprehension. They will be encouraged to read independent texts on a regular basis in order to increase fluency in reading, build their word bank and benefit from punctuation cues to understand meaning and provide expression.
While it will increase students’ repertoire of techniques and strategies they can use before, during, and after reading to comprehend and extend their understandings of texts, the section is planned to develop students’ metacognitive capacity to identify and achieve goals for improving their reading and to respond to texts in an increasingly thoughtful and sophisticated manner. It will also develop students’ awareness of the different kinds of written and visual text, the characteristics that distinguish them, and the impact of the stylistic effects used.
Reading Strategies: First grade reading strategies will include retell, make, revise, confirm, predictions, visualize, ask and answer questions, self–monitor, summarize, connect to prior knowledge, text to text connections, and self–question.
Writing: While children gain insights that help them as writers in learning to read, learning to write is also integral to their reading. However, writing is more than an aid to learning to read, it is one of the essential goals of this curriculum. It helps develop students’ ability to construct basic sentences and creative writing skills such as descriptive writing using nouns and adverbs, use of appropriate vocabulary, reading and grammar skills. They will also reflect on a range of ideas from resources used in class on how to communicate effectively through writing.
YMOH mathematics program aims to incorporate unrivaled inquiry–based philosophy to breed independent learners who are not only problem solvers, but confident risk–takers. We understand that educational excellence is only achieved when content is sequenced, applicable to students’ interests and needs, and applied to solving real problems.
We also know that the study of mathematics plays an integral role in the promotion of universal language, along with problem solving and reasoning skills that contribute to the growth of abstract, logical, and critical thinking. These factors form the basis of the engaging and rigorous mathematics program offered at YMOH. This program will equip Grade One students with the skills of problem solving, reasoning and explaining, reflecting, as well as selecting appropriate tools and strategies.
Areas of study include;
Number and Operations: Students will learn to represent and order whole numbers of up to 50; establish the conservation of number; represent money amounts to 20¢; compose and decompose numbers of up to 20; establish a one–to–one correspondence when counting the elements in a set; count by 1’s, 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s; add and subtract numbers up to 20.
Measurement: This helps hone students measuring skills through non–standard units; telling time to the nearest half–hour; developing a sense of area; comparing objects using measurable attributes; comparing objects using non–standard units; investigating the relationship between the size of a unit and the number of units needed to measure the length of an object.
Geometry and Spatial Sense: This focuses mainly on sorting and classifying two shapes and three dimensional shapes by attributes; recognizing symmetry; relating shapes to other shapes, designs, and figures; as well as describing location using positional language.
Patterning and Algebra: This helps develop students’ creative skills through creating and extending repeating patterns involving one attribute; introducing the concept of equality using only concrete materials.
Data Analysis: Students will learn sorting (pattern), ordering, classifying, basic skills of compiling data, producing charts and reading and creating graphs.
Math Vocabulary: Students will also learn math vocabulary for each unit
Children have an inherent curiosity within themselves about the things around them in nature. Taking advantage of this curiosity, students, from foundation to second grade, will be taught the science inquiry skills and science as a human endeavor strand. They will learn that observations can be organized to reveal patterns that can be used to make predictions about phenomena while gaining knowledge about a variety of living things including humans from an Islamic point of view. They will learn to value counting as a means of comparing observations, and are introduced to ways of organizing their observations.
With respect to this, Grade One students will be able to infer simple cause–and–effect relationships from their experiences and observations, and even start to link phenomena and events with observable effects. They will be able to observe changes whether small or large, that can happen slowly or quickly. Students will learn about the origin of creation, and will link their understanding of science to Deen (religion), signs of the Creator and His creation. They will learn to research on topics covered through recommended resources while exploring the properties of familiar objects and phenomena, identifying similarities and differences.
Earth and Space Science: Students will study about the universe, earth, the sun, the moon, night and day, weather and seasons. Using the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will develop an understanding of the processes, forces, and dynamic life–supporting qualities of the earth.
Life Science (Health and Fitness): Students will learn about the human body, five senses, growth and development. They also study about the diversity, continuity, interactions, and balance amongst organisms and their environments including life processes of plant and animals, parts of plants and what living things need for survival and their life cycles and environment. They will extend their understanding of the living world and their place within it through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science.
Environmental Science: With respect to health and fitness, students will learn about environments for living things, places to live, causes of pollution, preserving natural resources and understand the concepts of the 3 Rs (Reduce, Recycle and Reuse), what it means to go green and periodically undertake projects at home. Through the skills, processes, and attitudes of science, they will build a foundation for their understanding of their surrounding environment.
While it will be integrated into the English Language and Arts lessons as cross–curricular activities, YMOH social studies curriculum is structured to help students from all grade levels acquire the knowledge, skills, and values necessary to become active democratic citizens and contributing members of their communities, locally, nationally, and globally. It will allow students to learn about their surrounding environment, the people in their community, as well as such themes as city and country life, goods and services, transport, health and safety, family, the two Eids (Muslim festivals), local culture and enjoy read aloud stories from Susan Douglas’ Social Studies books titled “Islamic Celebrations Around the World” and “I am a Muslim”.
First Grade students will be able to explore connections and relationships that exist in groups and communities. They will become well aware of their responsibilities and rights and discover how they can contribute to the well–being of the groups and communities to which they belong. They will enhance their awareness of their country and consider the connections that bring people together in communities, past and present. As they learn about human diversity and interdependence, they will begin to appreciate the essence of connecting and belonging. Finally, they will be required to carry out field trips with the assistance of their parents to meet the requirement of socializing and learning outside the classroom.
Grade One students will study a courses comprising of six units: Aqeedah, Seerah, Tafsir, Fiqh, Character education and Tajweed.
Aqeedah (Tawheed): Students will be introduced to the basics of Tawheed: God’s Oneness (Who is your Lord? What is your religion and Who is your Prophet?). They will also learn the Shahaadah (testimony or the profession of faith) and will be introduced to Asma wa al Husna - (most beautiful names and attributes of Allah including Al Khaliq and Ar Razaaq).
Seerah: Students will be introduced to the Seerah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) from the short surahs. They will learn about the Seerah from their Aqeedah lessons, “Who is your Prophet?” They will also study the biographies of Abu Bakr Siddique, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Suwaid bin Samit, Eyas bin Mu‘adh, Abu Dhar Al- Ghifari, Tufail bin ‘Amr Ad- Dausi, and Dhumad Al- Azdi.
Tafsir: The students will learn the importance of reciting short Surahs from Juz Amma in Salah with explanations.
Fiqh: Students will learn to prepare for Wudhu (or taharah and cleanliness) and will analyze the basic attributes of Salah (Sifatt As Salaah).
Character Education: Adab is integrated into the entire program. Students will study the Sunnah of the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) starting with Ikhlas, good intention, saying Bismillah, praising Allah and memorizing a list of Supplications each year (Please refer to the YMOH Supplication book).
Quran with Tajweed: Quran with Tajweed: Commence Part I of Al Qaidah Al Noorania, In this level, we will introduce eleven units of tajweed rules viz (1) Introduction to Tajweed - Why do we learn Tajweed? (2) The command to learn Tajweed (3) Benefits of Tajweed (4) Makharij (5) Isti'adhah and Basmalah (6) Dua for Prostrations of reading (7) The Makhaari (8) Sun and Moon Letters (9) Symbols of Stopping (10) Qalqala letters (11) noon saakin and tanween and selected duas appropriate to the level. They will also practice reading (Tilaawat) Surah an Nas to Surah Ash Shams. Memorization will not be compulsory until they are 6+ years old.
In Grade One students will be using the Logati curriculum text books. The lessons will cover Arabic reading, writing and comprehension as first language. Quiz taking and tests would also be applicable as in other subjects
The first term consists of reading comprehensions on topics such as My Family, My School, My City, etc. The second term covers lessons on My Health and My diet, My Games and My Hobbies, My Health and My Safety, Animals and Occasions.
Reading: The students will learn to recognize and read long and short sounds, break each word into syllables, read each syllable separately and then connect them to form words. They will read sentences in which words containing the targeted letters are embedded. Students will also read short poems or songs related to the topics to make memorization easy.
Listening: Students will learn to recognize phonetic differences in Arabic letters discussed in separate chapters, apply the correct pronunciation of letters and words with the use of vowel sounds of ا و and ي with the three natural extensions (با- بي –بو ).
Speaking: The Logati books are richly illustrated with visuals that help students describe and communicate their thoughts and feelings. Class discussion will include narrating short stories from their own experiences, for instance: My Family, My School, etc.
Writing: Students will learn to write each letter with its distinct shape and also use it in the beginning, middle and at the end of a written word. They will write letters in words using their correct sounds and diacritical marks harakat (fatha - kasra-dhamma- shadda, etc.).
Vocabulary: The lessons include a variety of vocabulary based on reading comprehension. Additional vocabulary is introduced through various activities and discussions on the topics during the lesson.
Grammar: Students will learn 3 types of Arabic personal pronouns,ضمائر المتكلم-ضمائر المخاطب-ضمائر الغائب , and use them in short sentences that start with these pronouns. They will also learn some demonstrative pronouns and how they should be used for both masculine and feminine words. Singular and plural words, affirmative and negative forms of words, verb phrase: the usage of verb for masculine and feminine such as use of تاء التأنيث for feminine will be taught to students in grammar and vocabulary.
All of the above will be taught at the level of understanding of the students, and a more detailed lessonplan will be available for parents of YMOH students. The Islamic Studies curriculum will also draw on other reputable Islamic Homeschooling material and is subject to change based on its application to this grade.